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Technical rubber products

Technical rubber products

MagPro® is a high activity magnesium oxide with a precisely defined particle size distribution. It is produced by indirect calcination of fine milled magnesium hydroxide. This process safeguards a very high level of uniformity of both activity and particle size.

MagPro is added in rubbers to play the role of (a)acid scavenger, (b)scorch retarder (vulcanization retarder), (c)vulcanization (or curing) agent, (d)vulcanization activator, (e)heat stabilizer. All these functions are exhibited during vulcanization and/or storage of intermediate or final products and in some cases during the service life of the article. MagPro has to be incorporated during a compounding or a pre-compounded additive process in order for the elastomer to be crosslinked at a later stage.

MagPro product range includes:

  • MagPro 150
  • MagPro 170


In below table the various applications of MgO in rubber technology are listed:

#
RubberMgO Application
Rubber Uses

1

Polychloroprene (CR)

  • acid scavenger
  • scorch retarder
  • crosslinking agent
  • heat stabilizer

Adhesives, automotive (V-belts, timing belts, gaskets for door, deck and trunk), wire&cable, petroleum exploration, production and distribution (pipeline pigs, seals, gaskets, hoses), construction (gaskets, roof covering, modified asphalt), shoes, foam mattresses (latex)

2

Chlorinated Polyethylene (CM)

  • acid scavenger

Hoses, cables, automotive tubing, boots, dust covers

3

Chlorosulfonetad Polyethylene (CSM)

  • acid scavenger
  • scorch retarder
  • vulcanization activator
  • heat stabilizer

Tire inner tubes, tire air barriers, air cushions, pneumatic springs, accumulator bags, air bellows, tire expandable bladders, high temperature service hoses and conveyor belts

4

Chlorobutyl Rubber (CIIR)

  • acid scavenger
  • scorch retarder

Innerliners for tubeless tires, tire sidewalls, heat-resistant truck inner tubes, hoses, gaskets, conveyor belts, adhesives and sealants, tire curing bags, tank linings, truckcab mounts, aircraft engine mounts, rail pads, bridge bearing pads, pharmaceutical stoppers, appliance parts

5

Bromobutyl Rubber (BIIR)

  • acid scavenger
  • scorch retarder

Tire innerliners, radial-tire black sidewalls, pharmaceutical closures, heat resistant conveyor belts, chemical resistant tank linings, curable contact cements to rubber-rubber adhesion

6

FluoroElastomers (FKM)

  • acid scavenger

Valve seals, O-rings, gaskets, joints, hose, wire & cable, automotive seals, fuel handling systems, aerospace, oil-well seals and packers, oil-suction delivery hoses, tank linings, seals for scientific instruments

7

Hydrogenated and carboxylated nitrile butadiene rubber (HNBR, XNBR)

  • acid scavenger

Oil and chemical resistant hoses (automotive, marine, aircraft fuel lines, bulk-fule transfer, chemical transfer, food handling, dairy and creamery), oil-drilling items, cements, adhesives, gaskets, brake linings

8

Epichlorohydrin Rubber (ECO)

  • acid scavenger

Fuel-air conditioning system components (hose, diaphragms, seals, gaskets, O-rings), vibration isolators, belts, rollers


Magnesium oxide is most widely used in Polychloroprene (CR), a synthetic rubber invented by DuPont and commercially announced under the trade name of Neoprene in 1931. Some known applications include automotive components, wire&cable, hoses, seals, gaskets, roofing and adhesives. CR grades are characterized by toughness, wide operating temperature range, resistance to oils, heat, ozone and weathering, as well as inherent flame retardant properties due to chlorine content.

The various grades of Neoprene fall within three general types, G, W and T. Within each type there is a series of grades with specific properties for a variety of processing conditions, compounding considerations, vulcanization systems and product applications.

Use of 4 parts MgO and 5 parts ZnO generally results in a good balance of processing safety and cure rate and is typically applied. Higher levels of magnesia may be desirable for high temperature molding, especially injection molding. Lower levels of MgO (less than 3 phr) may be used in some continuous vulcanization cure systems.

The basic compound composition of using MagProin neoprene is presented below:

Compound Recipe

Compound compositions
Neoprene GRT100100
Regal SRF-N772 (carbon black) 25 25
Stearic acid0.50.5
MgO44
ODPA (Antioxidant)11
Zinc oxide RS55
Total phr lab135.5135.5
Properties

Sample nameMagPro 150Competetive synthetic magnesia
Mooney viscosity, ML (1+4) 100°C
Initial, (MU)75.374
Mooney viscosity, (MU)52.754.4
Original mechanical properties
Hardness, IRGD, 10 mm sample, (,SN)6262
Tensile strength at max, (MPa)24.724.5
Elongation at break, (%)582580
Hot-air ageing, 1 week at 100C
Variation in tensile strength, (%)-11-14
Variation in elongation, (%)-29-38

The primary function of MgO in Neoprene compounds is to neutralize trace hydrogen chloride liberated by the polymer during processing vulcanization (also termed crosslinking or curing), heat aging or service. By neutralizing the hydrogen chloride, magnesium oxide prevents auto- catalytic decomposition, resulting in greater stability. MgO also takes part in the vulcanization process regulating scorch.


Advantages of MagPro®

  • combines the best characteristics of both synthetic and natural magnesia
  • does not contain any volatiles like chlorides and sulphates
  • has a high and uniform reactivity for perfect reproducibility
  • has a precisely defined particle size distribution
  • has short delivery times: produced in Europe and distributed through a dense sales network

Contact us, our experts will provide you with advice on the use of the product

MagPro®
+7 495 789 65 30 sales@magminerals.ru
MagPro 170
(PDF, 251.04 )
MagPro 150
(PDF, 252.00 )